Prekese: Versatile West African Fruit with Many Health Benefits

Introduction: what is Prekese or Tetrapleura tetraptera

Prekese, scientifically known as Tetrapleura tetraptera, is a versatile and unique fruit native to West Africa, particularly Ghana and Nigeria. Native to Western and Central Africa, Tetrapleura tetraptera is a species of flowering plant in the Fabaceae family. In Ghanaian Twi, the plant is known as prekese In the Igbo language of Nigeria, it is also known as uhio (uhiokrihio).This woody, angular pod offers a plethora of health benefits and is a beloved culinary spice in West African cuisine.

Health and Nutritional Benefits of Prekese

Prekese attained global attention in recent years, in this article we will find out what is this fruit useful for and the good and bad in it, and how beneficial prekese is for human health and wellness

Description/Taste of Prekese

Prekese pods vary in size and shape depending on the age of the plant and the place it is growing. Typically, the fruit grows between 15 to 25 centimeters in length and 4 to 5 centimeters in diameter. These pods are characterized by their cylindrical shape, featuring four longitudinal, wing-like ridges, giving them an angular appearance. The exterior of Prekese pods is hard, tough, and glossy, with dark brown, brown, or purple-brown variegated hues. Inside, two woody wing interiors are present, while the other two contain a soft, sugary brown pulp. There are also small black seeds within the pods, giving them a distinctive rattling sound when shaken. The scent of Prekese is sweet and permeating, and it releases the pod’s sugary pulp, which gives the food a rich, strong, acidic, and funky flavor. Totally, it gives a subtly sweet, astringent flavor when used in cooking.

Seasons in which Prekese are naturally available

Fresh Prekese is typically harvested from September to December, but dried versions are available year-round. This allows for its use in both fresh and dried forms in various culinary and medicinal applications.

Cultural Significance in the Uses of Prekese

Prekese holds a special place in the culture and tradition of West African communities, particularly among the Akan people of Ghana. The name “Prekese” originates from the Twi language of the Akan people, and it translates to “soup perfume,” signifying the fruit’s aromatic qualities. In Akan culture, Prekese is considered a spiritual protector against evil forces. It is believed that bathing with a mixture of Prekese and salted water can ward off spirits and protect individuals from negative energies. Prekese is also used in rituals to lift generational curses and burdens. This spiritual significance has contributed to the widespread use of Prekese in various cultural practices.

Health Benefits and Nutritional Value of Prekese

Prekese is a nutritional powerhouse, providing essential vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals. It is rich in copper, potassium, vitamin C, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, zinc, and calcium. These nutrients play vital roles in maintaining overall health, including supporting the immune system, strengthening connective tissues, and promoting optimal nerve function. Additionally, Prekese is used in natural medicines to address various health issues such as increasing blood flow, reducing ulcers, and relieving asthma symptoms.

Nutritional Content of Prekese

NutrientAmount per 100g
Calories234.42 – 379.48 kcal
Dietary Fiber~30g
Fat7.44% – 17.50%
Vitamin AHigh
Vitamin B (B1, B2, B3, B6)Rich
Vitamin CHigh
Vitamin DRich
Phenolic CompoundsPresent

Health Benefits of Prekese

  1. Weight Management: research shows that, Prekese tea is known to aid in weight loss by helping to cleanse excess fats from the body.
  2. Immune System Support: Prekese is rich in vitamins, especially vitamin C, which strengthens the immune system.
  3. Anti-inflammatory properties: research show that prekese has anti-inflammatory properties
  4. Blood Regeneration: The presence of iron in Prekese helps in regenerating lost blood.
  5. Respiratory Health: Zinc in Prekese provides protection against viruses that lead to respiratory tract infections.
  6. Muscle and Bone Health: Potassium and calcium in Prekese help in managing, preventing, and controlling muscle disorders and strengthening bones.
  7. Moreover, Earlier researchers have already identified the nutritional and potential advantages of Prekese. It is documented that Prekese contain flavonoids, phenols, cardiac glycosides, terpenoids, saponins, and phlorotannins, among other compounds, showcasing diverse pharmacological effects. Additionally, it is commonly used as a herbal remedy for treating various health conditions such as jaundice, inflammation, convulsions, fever, epilepsy, and leprosy.

Various Culinary Applications of Prekese

Prekese is a versatile ingredient in West African cuisine, contributing a unique blend of sweet, tangy, and astringent flavors. The dried pods are often ground into a fine powder and added to dishes such as roasted meats, stews, soups, tea, and broths. It is essential to remove large pieces of the pods before serving, as they are not meant to be consumed. Prekese is a key ingredient in dishes like Banga (Palm Nut Soup), pepper soup, and various Nigerian, Ghanaian, and Togolese cuisines. In addition to savory dishes, Prekese can be incorporated into baked goods and desserts as a natural sweetener. It pairs well with a wide range of ingredients, including seafood, meats, spices, and root vegetables.

Prekese tea

Prekese is a remarkable fruit that offers a blend of cultural significance, nutritional value, and culinary versatility. Its unique flavor, health benefits, and cultural importance have led to its growing popularity not only in West Africa but also worldwide. As Prekese continues to gain recognition for its diverse applications, it serves as a testament to the rich heritage and traditional wisdom of West African communities. Whether used as a spice in a hearty soup or as a spiritual protector, Prekese remains an indispensable part of West African culture and cuisine.

Mr.Viju V
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